BORN ATHEIST
Chapter 7. Who gave them the moral high ground?

Religion is an insult to human dignity. With or without it you would have good people doing
good things and evil people doing evil things. But for good people to do evil things, that
takes religion.
Steven Weinberg, Nobel Prize Winning Physicist

People who reject the idea of a God--who think that we’re just accidental protoplasm--have
always been with us. What bothers me is . . . if there is no eternal standard of right and
wrong, then all that matters is power. And atheism leads to brutality. All the horrific crimes
of the last century were committed by atheists--Stalin and Hitler and Mao and so forth--
because it flows very naturally from an idea that there is no judgment and there is nothing
other than the brief time we spend on this Earth.
Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels

One of the most common defenses of religion (and assaults on atheism) is the
presumption that religion makes people good. The persistence of this myth
demonstrates the power of religionists to set the agenda. I reject completely the notion
that religion makes people good. Further, atheists should feel no obligation to prove
that they are good without religion. The question “can you be good without god,”
should be as offensive and out of place as the question, “can a slave be good without
his master?”

Religionists have been setting the agenda for so long, that their goodness premise is
accepted without question. For example, laws on the books in some states prohibit
atheists from testifying in court. The Arkansas Constitution provides, “No person who
denies the being of a God shall hold any office in the civil departments of this State,
nor be competent to testify as a witness in any court.” Incredibly, such provisions were
not judicially overridden nationwide until a 1961 U.S. Supreme Court decision and as
recently as 2009 attempts to change the Arkansas Constitution to allow atheists to
have equal rights failed. Atheists are still prohibited from testifying against Muslims in
many Muslim countries. But, however deeply rooted in history and vehemently
defended by the powerful majority the goodness myth may be, it is false.

For example, the scriptures religionists use to support their claims of superiority are
reprehensible. American religionists who oppose equal rights for gays and lesbians
often cite the biblical story of Sodom and Gomorrah. After reading that tale, it shocks
me that the 31% of Americans who believe the Bible is the literal word of god, and the
additional 47% who believe the Bible is the inspired word of god (a total of 78% of
Americans) can find an iota of moral guidance in the story.

In that story, two men visit Lot. Unknown to him, they are “angels.” A crowd gathers
around Lot’s house and demands that Lot send the men outside to be raped. Lot,
being a “moral” man, refuses, but instead offers his two daughters, probably about 14-
years-old, to be raped instead. The “angels” do not object to this substitution, but the
crowd does.

The “angels” then blind the crowd and give Lot and his family a chance to escape. But
the Lot family’s prospective sons-in-law are left behind. For some bizarre reason, the
“angels” instruct Lot and his family not to look behind them. Lot’s wife does, maybe
thinking about what happened to her daughters’ fiances. She is turned inexplicably into
a pillar of salt. Lot then moves into a cave with his daughters. The daughters get Lot
drunk and have sex with him, thereby getting pregnant.

In case you think I am making this up, here is the Bible story:

    Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed

    The two angels arrived at Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gateway of
    the city. When he saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face to the
    ground. “My lords,” he said, “please turn aside to your servant’s house. You can wash
    your feet and spend the night and then go on your way early in the morning.”

    “No,” they answered, “we will spend the night in the square.”
           
    But he insisted so strongly that they did go with him and entered his house. He
    prepared a meal for them, baking bread without yeast, and they ate. Before they had
    gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of Sodom--both young and old--
    surrounded the house. They called to Lot, “Where are the men who came to you tonight?
    Bring them out to us so that we can have sex with them.”

    Lot went outside to meet them and shut the door behind him and said, “No, my friends.
    Don’t do this wicked thing. Look, I have two daughters who have never slept with a
    man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do what you like with them. But don’t
    do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection of my roof.”

    “Get out of our way,” they replied. And they said, “This fellow came here as an alien,
    and now he wants to play the judge! We’ll treat you worse than them.” They kept
    bringing pressure on Lot and moved forward to break down the door.

    But the men inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house and shut the door.
    Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, young and old, with
    blindness so that they could not find the door.

    The two men said to Lot, “Do you have anyone else here--sons-in-law, sons or
    daughters, or anyone else in the city who belongs to you? Get them out of here, because
    we are going to destroy this place. The outcry to the LORD against its people is so
    great that he has sent us to destroy it.”

    So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry his daughters.
    He said, “Hurry and get out of this place, because the LORD is about to destroy the
    city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.

    With the coming of dawn, the angels urged Lot, saying, “Hurry! Take your wife and
    your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept away when the city is punished.”

    When he hesitated, the men grasped his hand and the hands of his wife and of his two
    daughters and led them safely out of the city, for the LORD was merciful to them. As
    soon as they had brought them out, one of them said, “Flee for your lives! Don’t look
    back, and don’t stop anywhere in the plain! Flee to the mountains or you will be swept
    away!”

                   * * *

    By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sun had risen over the land. Then the LORD rained
    down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah—from the LORD out of the heavens. Thus
    he overthrew those cities and the entire plain, including all those living in the cities—
    and also the vegetation in the land. But Lot’s wife looked back, and she became a pillar
    of salt.

                   * * *

    Lot and His Daughters

    Lot and his two daughters left Zoar and settled in the mountains, for he was afraid to
    stay in Zoar. He and his two daughters lived in a cave. One day the older daughter said
    to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man around here to lie with us, as is
    the custom all over the earth. Let’s get our father to drink wine and then lie with him
    and preserve our family line through our father.”

    That night they got their father to drink wine, and the older daughter went in and lay
    with him. He was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.

    The next day the older daughter said to the younger, “Last night I lay with my father.
    Let’s get him to drink wine again tonight, and you go in and lie with him so we can
    preserve our family line through our father.” So they got their father to drink wine that
    night also, and the younger daughter went and lay with him. Again he was not aware of
    it when she lay down or when she got up.

    So both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. The older daughter had a
    son, and she named him Moab; he is the father of the Moabites of today. The younger
    daughter also had a son, and she named him Ben-Ammi; he is the father of the
    Ammonites of today.

How a book that promotes this bizarre story can be held as a moral guide is grotesque,
and how this specific story can be used to condemn gays and lesbians defies
imagination. The religionists’ claim that this sacred text makes them “moral” is
incredible. What is the “moral” lesson of offering innocent children to be raped in the
name of hospitality to strangers? The story would have much more authority if Lot had
announced that no one in his house would be raped. What lesson does this story
teach about the value of women and children? Apparently they have less value than
male strangers. What kind of a deity kills all inhabitants of a city, including animals and
children? Were newborn children sinners too? Why would the deity destroy the
vegetation if he was angry with the humans? Christians’ claim that this text makes
them moral or justifies their discrimination against gays and lesbians is appalling.

Horror stories like Sodom and Gomorrah are not isolated in the Bible. Another story
involves a crowd accepting the offer of a substitute for rape. The poor woman survives
the sexual assault, only to be murdered by her boyfriend (a holy man) and cut into
pieces! Once again, I am not making this up. Here is the text from the Bible:

    While they were enjoying themselves, some of the wicked men of the city surrounded the
    house. Pounding on the door, they shouted to the old man who owned the house, “Bring
    out the man who came to your house so we can have sex with him.”

    The owner of the house went outside and said to them, “No, my friends, don’t be so vile.
    Since this man is my guest, don’t do this disgraceful thing. Look, here is my virgin
    daughter, and his concubine. I will bring them out to you now, and you can use them
    and do to them whatever you wish. But to this man, don’t do such a disgraceful thing.”

    But the men would not listen to him. So the man took his concubine and sent her outside
    to them, and they raped her and abused her throughout the night, and at dawn they let
    her go. At daybreak the woman went back to the house where her master was staying,
    fell down at the door and lay there until daylight.

    When her master got up in the morning and opened the door of the house and stepped
    out to continue on his way, there lay his concubine, fallen in the doorway of the house,
    with her hands on the threshold. He said to her, “Get up; let’s go.” But there was no
    answer. Then the man put her on his donkey and set out for home.

    When he reached home, he took a knife and cut up his concubine, limb by limb, into
    twelve parts and sent them into all the areas of Israel.


The apparent “moral” lesson of this story appears to be, if you force your girlfriend to
get raped in your stead, you should murder her. Once again, that a book containing
these brutal tales can be called a moral guide is beyond belief.

Expected to sin.

Looking beyond the absurdities of the Bible, there is no logic behind Christians’ claims
of moral superiority. Christian doctrine expects people to act immorally–to sin. But
church doctrine forgives them for their sinful conduct. For example, Catholics can
confess their sins to a priest and be dispensed a magical incantation that removes the
violation. The Catholic Encyclopedia reads, “Penance is a sacrament of the New Law
instituted by Christ in which forgiveness of sins committed after baptism is granted
through the priest’s absolution to those who with true sorrow confess their sins and
promise to satisfy for the same.”

In fact, a Christian can live his whole life in “sin” and by speaking some magic words,
achieve forgiveness. In the Jesus story, a criminal who was sentenced to death along
with Jesus acknowledged his guilt. But he spoke kindly to Jesus, and Jesus told the
criminal that he would join Jesus that day in paradise. No muss, no fuss, just instant
forgiveness. Christians are faced with being brother to notorious serial killer and
cannibal Jeffrey Dahmer, who “found god” and was baptized before his murder in
prison. The preacher who baptized Dahmer declares him forgiven, saying, “God
forgives all sins, God does not consider one sin greater than the other.”

So, Christians are expected to sin and can get forgiveness by saying magical words.
But an even bigger flaw in their claim of moral superiority is that the god they
supposedly answer to is imaginary. There is no enforcer of their moral code. There is
no heaven, there is no hell, there is no man in the sky who sees what they do and
punishes them.

Perhaps children believe in the sky god’s power for a while, but a little scientific
experimentation with his “powers” quickly proves the myth false. A cute story is of a
child who experiments “taking the lord’s name in vain,” violating one of the infamous
Christian ten commandments, but suffering no supernatural consequences. Sickening
stories of adults who know there is no moral enforcer are found in countless
newspaper accounts of “holy” people who abuse children. The acts are different, but
the result is the same, the religionist quickly establishes there is no bearded man in the
sky enforcing the rules.

Contrast that to the position of an atheist like me. I carry my moral code in my head. I
do not expect myself to violate the code and I do not forgive myself for violations. My
conduct will be unaffected if the bearded man myth is incontrovertibly refuted, or if the
myth continues unabated. In chart form, a comparison of the morality of an atheist and
a Christian creates a “morality matrix” that looks like this:










Morality in action.

All the talk in the world can be refuted by a few facts. A 2005 study published in the
Journal of Religion and Society looked at the religiosity and various measures of moral
health of first world nations. It concluded:

    In general, higher rates of belief in and worship of a creator correlate with higher rates
    of homicide, juvenile and early adult mortality, STD infection rates, teen pregnancy,
    and abortion in the prosperous democracies. The most theistic prosperous democracy,
    the U.S., is exceptional, but not in the manner Franklin predicted. The United States is
    almost always the most dysfunctional of the developed democracies, sometimes
    spectacularly so, and almost always scores poorly. The view of the U.S. as a “shining
    city on the hill” to the rest of the world is falsified when it comes to basic measures of
    societal health. . . . No democracy is known to have combined strong religiosity and
    popular denial of evolution with high rates of societal health. Higher rates of non-
    theism and acceptance of human evolution usually correlate with lower rates of
    dysfunction, and the least theistic nations are usually the least dysfunctional. None of
    the strongly secularized, pro-evolution democracies is experiencing high levels of
    measurable dysfunction.

Another way of looking at it, a 2009 report rated the world’s happiest countries as
Denmark, Finland and the Netherlands. The same countries are among the least
religious and have the lowest crime rates in the world.

Divorce.

The pro-religionist Barna Research Group conducted a survey in 1999 and found that
Christians have a higher divorce rate than atheists. The survey showed the following
results:









George Barna commented, “While it may be alarming to discover that born again
Christians are more likely than others to experience a divorce, that pattern has been in
place for quite some time. . . . [T]he research also raises questions regarding the
effectiveness of how churches minister to families. The ultimate responsibility for a
marriage belongs to the husband and wife, but the high incidence of divorce within the
Christian community challenges the idea that churches provide truly practical and life-
changing support for marriages.” The 1999 Barna survey is no longer available on the
group’s Website, but Ontario-based Religious Tolerance.org provides a summary of
the results on theirs. Barna was roundly criticized by the Christian community for his
1999 survey. So he did another one in 2008.

Barna, a pastor, and his business serve the Christian community. If anyone had a
horse in the race, it was Mr. Barna. Nonetheless, his second study found no
statistically significant difference in the divorce rate of the general population and born
again Christians. Atheists would have had the lowest divorce rate, however, Barna
created a small Christian subgroup he labeled “Evangelical Christians” for whom he
reported a divorce rate of 26%, the lowest in the 2008 survey, but still way above the
21% rate for atheists found in the 1999 survey.

Crime.

Although Christians would likely argue that divorce rates are related to “morality” or
being good, atheists likely would not. Morals and ethics are amorphous concepts
difficult to measure. However, crime rates are not. Crime rates measure both a “moral”
violation as well as a violation of the social contract called law. The following chart
looks at the rates of crime in the three most religious and least religious states:














There is no overlap, the crime rate is higher--often significantly higher--in each
category in the most religious states.

Prison.

A telling statistic is that in January 2010, only .08% of the federal inmate population
was atheist. Using the Pew 2008 statistic of 1.6% of the U.S. population being atheist,
this means the federal prisons have 1/20th the expected number of atheists. Now of
course, this alone does not mean atheists are more law abiding than religionists. It
could mean that atheists do not get caught as much, or it could mean that atheists
think parole boards like religionists, so they say they are religious. But, nonetheless,
the fact stands that atheists appear in federal prison at 1/20th of the rate one would
expect from their presence in the general population. This statistic must really irritate
religionists like Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels, quoted at the start of this chapter,
whose assertion that atheists are evil should be supported by a disproportionate
number of atheists in prison.

Godless communists.

Religionists frequently say, “Stalin, Mao, and godless communists” to justify their
position you need god to be good. The quick reply is “Hitler, Hirohito, Franco,
Ahmadinejad,” all despised religionists. A more thoughtful reply is to quote Nobel
Laureate Steven Weinberg, “Religion is an insult to human dignity. With or without it
you would have good people doing good things and evil people doing evil things. But
for good people to do evil things, that takes religion.” But an even deeper answer
involves the shared psychological profile of religious and totalitarian followers. The
same “right-wing authoritarian follower” psychological profile of the ultra-religious
applies equally to the party loyalists in communist countries. That is right, the
communist party loyalists the religionists attack exhibit the same traits as the
religionists themselves. The distinction is that religionists follow a religious authority
while communists follow a political authority. The crowd yelling “godless communist” is
ironically vilifying the segment of the population most like them.

A question that should not be answered.

Asking whether people can be good without religion is as crazy as asking if a slave can
be good without his master. Both questions are offensive and reflect a mind-set that
has been in place for too long and questioned too little. If anything, atheists are more
“moral” than religionists. Entertaining the question “can a person be good without
religion” is letting religionists set the agenda. It is time that we stop dancing to their
tune.
a morality matrix reflecting the moral precepts of atheists and Christians
a graph showing the divorce rates for atheists and religious believers
a chart showing the most religious states have the highest crime rates
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